The War of the Sicilian Vespers
1282 - 1302
The War of the Sicilian Vespers involved virtually every Mediterranean and European country in a smoldering conflict that spanned twenty years. The conflict and its outcome fundamentally changed the course of history in the Mediterranean and yet it has been generally neglected by historians and is not even mentioned in most western civilization textbooks.
The war was fought primarily between the Crown of Aragon and Angevin France, which was supported by the papacy, for the control of the Kingdom of Sicily. Yet the conflict would also involve at different times the Byzantine Empire, Genoa, Venice, Castile, England, the Holy Roman Empire and various kingdoms of North Africa. The war was unusual in the fact that every major battle was either fought at sea or involved an amphibious force.
The following pages are a summary of the origins of the war and its conduct. The banner above the following pages is of a painted beam in the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya and is dated to the last quarter of the 13th century. This site is intended for the use of individuals wishing to know more about this overlooked event in medieval history. Copyright Statement